Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt: Pharaoh is a title used to describe the ancient Egyptian rulers of all periods. Meaning "Great House", it originally referred to the king's palace.
Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt
Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Pharaoh is a title used to describe the ancient Egyptian rulers of all periods. Meaning "Great House", it originally referred to the king's palace, over time it became interchangeable with the traditional Egyptian word for king, nswt.

There are several important King Lists that provide details of Ancient Egypt's Pharaohs, including The Palermo Stone, the Royal List of Abydos and the Royal Lists of Karnak and Saqqara as well as those from Manetho.

The Kings listed start from the early Dynastic Period and Dynasty 1 and finishes with Dynasty 31 in the Late Period and covers the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom kings.

Choose a Dynasty:

Next Dynasty 2 Previous Dynasty 31 The Arachaic Period: Kings of Dynasty 1

Hor-Aha

Hor-Aha King: Hor-Aha
Dynasty 1
Length of Reign: 62 Years

Date: 3050 - 2890BC

First King of the First Dynasty, his name means 'Fighting Hawk'.

His Nebti name 'Men' appear side by side on ivory labels. Founded a temple to the Goddess Neith at Sais in the Delta. Founder of the capital city at Memphis. He reigned according to Manetho for 62 years. His tomb at Abydos (B 19-15) is the largest in the north-western section of the cemetery. Thought by many as being identical with king Menes, named in later sources as the founder of Egypt.

Djet

Djet King: Djet
Dynasty 1
Length of Reign: Less Than 1 Year

Date: 3050 - 2890BC

Third King of the First Dynasty, his name means 'Horus Cobra'.

Third King of the First Dynasty, also referred to as Uadji (Wadj and Zet), his tomb is located at Abydos (Tomb Z).  The funerary stele is inscribed with the royal serekh containing a snake hieroglyph, surmounted by the Horus falcon with the 'palace facade' design in the lower half (now housed at the Louvre, Paris).

Djer

Djer King: Djer
Dynasty 1
Length of Reign: 41 Years

Date: 3050 - 2890BC

Second King of the First Dynasty Horus Djer, whose Horus name means 'Horus who succours'.

Djer (Manetho's Athothis) or Itit (his nomen) is said to have reigned for 57 years.  Son of Aha and Hent (or Khenthap), built a palace at Memphis; whose wife was Queen Herneith.  There are also indications of a possible military campaign against a country named Setjet, probably Palestine or Sinai.