Egyptology Glossary: Ancient Egypt and Egyptology has a bewildering array of confusing names and terminology, this Egyptology Glossary will hopefully go some way to describe many of the most common words and phrases.
Egyptology Glossary
Egyptology Glossary

Egyptology Glossary

Ancient Egypt and Egyptology has a bewildering array of confusing names and terminology, this Egyptology Glossary will hopefully go some way to describe many of the most common words and phrases.

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Ba
Ba

The Ba, is translated as meaning the Soul. It is shown as a bird with a human head.

This was the part of the deceased that could be sent outside the tomb, to places that the deceased had visited when alive. So it could enjoy all those things the deceased had enjoyed as a living person.

Added: 30/05/2009

Bak
Bak

Meaning basket

Added: 30/05/2009

Barque Shrine
Barque Shrine

Model barques were kept in these shrines in temples. These model barques were used to carry deities out of the temples in festival processions.

Added: 30/05/2009

Bas Relief
Bas Relief

The more sophisticated relief, sometimes called low relief, primarily used indoors, in bas relief the background is cut away, leaving the scene standing proud of the wall. This is a more time consuming and complicated method of relief.

Added: 30/05/2009

Benben
Benben

The sacred stone of the sun god in the city of Heliopolis symbolizing the primeval mound of creation. In one of the most important ancient Egyptian creation myths, the Creator god first arose from the formless waters of chaos (Nun) onto the primeval mound.

Added: 30/05/2009

Benu Bird
Benu Bird

The Benu Bird is linked to that of the phoenix. Both are birds of the sun, both are self created, rather than being born from other creatures, both undergo death and become symbols of regeneration. The Egyptian sunbird is identified with Re, the Sun God. The word Benu in Egyptian means both purple heron and palm tree. The Benu was identified with the Temple of the Sun God at Heliopolis, which was revered by the Egyptians as the sacred mound from whence the Sun god, in his aspect of the Benu Bird, arose cyclically to renew Egypt; another feature which was shared by both the phoenix and the Benu Bird.

The Benu Bird was also known to be a symbol of Osiris and is said to have sprung from the heart of Osiris as a living symbol of God, thus renewing itself. The Benu is thought to have originated in either Egypt or Arabia and by one account, spends most of its life in Phoenicia.

Added: 30/05/2009

Blue Crown
Blue Crown

The khepresh, or Blue Crown—often incorrectly termed “the war crown”—was associated with coronation, legitimacy of rule, royal renewal, and victory. Similar to a tall helmet in appearance, it was made of cloth ornamented with golden discs. See also Double Crown, Red Crown, and White Crown.

Added: 30/05/2009

Building Texts
Building Texts

A set of inscriptions from the walls of the Temple of Horus at Edfu, that describe the way the temple functioned and the uses of the different halls and chambers within the temple. These are known as the Building Texts, they not only describe what the different rooms were used for; they also explain one version of the mythology of the Egyptian Temple.

Added: 30/05/2009

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