Egyptology Glossary: Ancient Egypt and Egyptology has a bewildering array of confusing names and terminology, this Egyptology Glossary will hopefully go some way to describe many of the most common words and phrases.
Egyptology Glossary
Egyptology Glossary

Egyptology Glossary

Ancient Egypt and Egyptology has a bewildering array of confusing names and terminology, this Egyptology Glossary will hopefully go some way to describe many of the most common words and phrases.

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Ma’at
Ma’at

Ma’at is often shown as a seated or leaving women with a feather on her head, she was the goddess of truth and justice.

She was also the personification of the principle balance, the cosmic order of the universe. The Egyptians believed that the universe held both positive and negative attributes that there was order and chaos, and survival was always this battle between balance, of good and bad, stability and instability.

Ma’at was responsible for ensuring that there was order on earth and ever king ruled subject to the wishes of Ma’at. In later periods kings that didn’t rule according to Ma’at were left out of the kings lists. The king was responsible to Ma’at, was restrained by precedent (what had happened before), and the wise councils of royal advisors.

Added: 30/05/2009

Mastaba
Mastaba

A type of tomb first used during the Old Kingdom, mastaba being an Arabic word meaning ‘bench’ or ‘bench shaped’. The mastaba tomb consists of a superstructure above ground and a substructure below ground.

Added: 30/05/2009

medu netjer
medu netjer

medu netjer meaning divine words.

Added: 30/05/2009

Mortuary Temples
Mortuary Temples

The Mortuary Temple (Royal Cult Complexes) , which was where the god was worshipped plus the king who built the temple. He would have worshipped during his lifetime.

Added: 30/05/2009

Mummiya
Mummiya

Mummiya meaning mummy

Added: 30/05/2009

Myrrh
Myrrh

Another true incense, called by the Egyptian antyw, it is a fragrant gum resin obtained mainly from Somalia. It is derived from various species of different trees; one is called Balsam Odendron and the other Commiphora. This occurs in the form of yellowish red tears.

Added: 30/05/2009

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]